Thursday 11th of February 2016    

Sanitation for all
Home Solid Waste Management


There has been significant importance given to implement the Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rule, 2000 which envisages segregated storage of waste at source, collection from source, protected transportation to the treatment facility, establishment environmentally safe treatment system and its operation and maintenance and safe disposal of inert rejects. A sectoral status study on MSW management in Kerala, undertaken with the support of WSP- South Asia in 2007, indicated that the total MSW generation in the state is about 8300 tpd. These studies indicated that 70-80% of the total waste generated is biodegradable in nature and these putrescible waste needs to be managed within 24 hours. 13% of the waste is generated by the five City Corporations, 23% by the 53 Municipalities and the rest by the 999 Gram Panchayats.

Local GovernmentsPopulation 2001Per capita waste generation(g/day)

Waste generation per day (tonne)           

2001 2006
5 City Corporations2456618400 983  
53 Municipalities581030730017431935
999 Grama Panchayats








The five City Corporations and 49 Municipalities and 44 Grama Panchayats are being supported for establishing full-fledged integrated MSW management facility with financial support from the plan allocation to the State and the Local Governments, funds under the  Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNNURM), Urban Infrastructure Development Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Kerala Sustainable Urban Development Project (KSUDP) and own fund mobilized by the Local Governments. Efforts are also taken to establish solid waste treatment systems in hotspots of 226 urbanized Grama Panchayats by making use of the funds under Total Sanitation Campaign for the purpose of solid and liquid waste management to the tune of about Rs.2000 Lakh.

The preliminary projects for solid waste management in 49 Municipalities and 44 Grama Panchayats with an outlay of Rs.5362 Lakh have been approved and a state level support of Rs.1919 Lakh has been extended. So far 18 Municipalities and 28 Grama Panchayats have completed the installations and rest is in progress. In addition, Rs.8800 Lakh has been earmarked under JNNURM, Rs.2429 Lakh under UIDSSMT and Rs.3294 Lakh under KSUDP for solid waste management for City Corporations.

The MSW (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000 makes the disposal of final rejects from the waste treatment plant in an engineered landfill (ELF) a mandatory requirement.  If each Municipality ventures for establishing ELF separately, it would require large tract of land having no environmental constraints. Therefore, Regional ELF is suggested for tackling the requirement. A comparative study on the land and cost requirement of individual ULB-based ELF and Regional ELF are given below. Accordingly, six regional ELF are proposed for the 14 districts and a feasibility of establishing one regional engineered landfill facility has been initiated during the current year.

 No ItemIndividual ELF for each UBS

Regional ELF

 1Land requirement (Ha)2316957
 2Cost of land (Rs. per Ha)0.40 Crore0.18 Crore
 3Savings on land cost (Rs)
754 Crore
 4O&M cost per ton (Rs)555388
 5Savings per annum on O&M (Rs)13 Crore



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